Demonstration and Scientific Knowledge in William of Ockham: A Translation of Summa Logicae III-II: De Syllogismo Demonstrativo, and Selections from the Prologue to the Ordinatio John Lee Longeway

ISBN: 9780268033781

Published: January 15th 2007

Hardcover

456 pages


Description

Demonstration and Scientific Knowledge in William of Ockham: A Translation of Summa Logicae III-II: De Syllogismo Demonstrativo, and Selections from the Prologue to the Ordinatio  by  John Lee Longeway

Demonstration and Scientific Knowledge in William of Ockham: A Translation of Summa Logicae III-II: De Syllogismo Demonstrativo, and Selections from the Prologue to the Ordinatio by John Lee Longeway
January 15th 2007 | Hardcover | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, audiobook, mp3, ZIP | 456 pages | ISBN: 9780268033781 | 6.61 Mb

This book makes available for the first time an English translation of William of Ockhams work on Aristotles Posterior Analytics, which contains his theory of scientific demonstration and philosophy of science. John Lee Longeway also includes anMoreThis book makes available for the first time an English translation of William of Ockhams work on Aristotles Posterior Analytics, which contains his theory of scientific demonstration and philosophy of science. John Lee Longeway also includes an extensive commentary and a detailed history of the intellectual background to Ockhams work.

He puts Ockham into context by providing a scholarly account of the reception and study of the Posterior Analytics in the Latin Middle Ages, with a detailed discussion of Robert Grosseteste, Albert the Great, Thomas Aquinas, Duns Scotus, and Giles of Rome.

In a series of appendices, Longeway includes shorter translations of some important related work by Giles of Rome and John of Cornwall.In his introductory discussion, Longeway examines the exact character of the highest sort of demonstration (demonstratio potissima), the relations of the empirical sciences to mathematics, natural causation and the manner in which natural laws come to be known, the possibility of natural knowledge, our knowledge of God, and the relation of theology to the other sciences.

Longeway discusses the way in which scientific epistemology and theory of demonstration corresponds to the metaphysical position of its interpreter, in particular to the Neoplatonism of Grosseteste, the radical Aristotelianism of Giles of Rome and Albert the Great, the more moderate Aristotelianism of Aquinas, and the nominalistic empiricism of Ockham. Throughout the book, Longeway makes a case for Ockhams importance as the founder of empiricism in the West.“The present work is the result of decades of study of Ockhams philosophy of science.

The translation and commentary are introduced by a chapter in which Longeway presents an overview of Ockhams thought in this area and highlights its philosophical significance. This introduction is in its own right a significant contribution to the history of philosophy.” —Owen Goldin, Marquette UniversityLike much else in medieval philosophy, medieval theories of demonstrative knowledge are historically important, philosophically interesting, and little understood.

There are a few extensive studies into medieval discussions of demonstration and even fewer translations of these important discussions. Longeways Demonstration and Scientific Knowledge in William of Ockham is, therefore, an important contribution to the field.

This work contains not only an extensive set of translations of Ockhams work on the theory of demonstration, but also a book-length introduction in which Longeway surveys the development of medieval theories of demonstration prior to Ockham and situates Ockhams discussion (historically and philosophically) within that development.

The book will be of value to any scholar interested in Ockhams thought as well as to anyone interested more generally in medieval discussions of demonstration, science, and epistemology. —Susan Brower-Toland, Saint Louis University



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